Close scrutiny of the final Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement (TPPA) text reveals that its impact on the environment is even worse than had been expected from leaked drafts. 

A new paper, prepared by Simon Terry as part of a series supported by a New Zealand Law Foundation grant, concludes that the environment is a significant casualty under the TPPA.

Analysis of the final text shows that the gains for the environment are few and small scale.  By contrast, foreign investors can sue the Government for compensation if they believe new environmental protections will reduce their future profits, and this is a serious threat.

This research paper on the environment under TPPA governance is part of a series of expert, peer reviewed analyses of different aspects of the text.